Afghan Hound – Description, Diet, Personality, And Fun Facts

By Kevin Myers | 2023 Update

Picture a silhouette of a dog with a long, flowing coat in the wind, standing atop a hill, overlooking a vast plain.

That’s an Afghan Hound, a breed that seems to have leaped right out of an old-world painting into our modern times. This breed, native to the mountains of Afghanistan, is not merely bred for its glamour but also for its speed, agility, and independent nature.

The Afghan Hound, with its elegant and aristocratic demeanor, is a breed that’s more than just a pretty face. It’s a dog that’s rich in history, full of mystique, and exuding an aura of otherworldly beauty.

SizeLarge breed; males stand 27-29 inches, females 25-27 inches at the shoulder
WeightTypically 50-60 pounds (may vary)
CoatLong, silky, flowing coat with various colors
TemperamentIndependent, dignified, gentle, and sometimes aloof
Energy LevelModerate to high energy level; requires regular exercise
Exercise NeedsDaily walks or runs, access to a secure, fenced area for off-leash play
GroomingRegular brushing to prevent matting; bathing as needed
TrainabilityCan be independent and stubborn; respond well to positive reinforcement methods
SocializationImportant for proper behavior with people and other animals
Prey DriveStrong hunting instinct; may not be compatible with small pets without proper socialization
LifespanTypically 12-14 years (may vary)

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What is an Afghan Hound?

The Mystery of Afghan Hound’s Origin

The origins of the Afghan Hound are steeped in the mists of antiquity, making it one of the oldest known dog breeds. The breed’s exact lineage is a bit of a mystery, but what’s known for certain is that it originated in the mountainous regions of Afghanistan.

Depictions of dogs resembling the Afghan Hound have been spotted in thousands of years old artifacts, indicating that this breed has changed little over the centuries. Images of similar dogs have been discovered in ancient Egyptian papyri and on cave walls in northern Afghanistan.

The Afghan Hound was developed to survive in a harsh environment and hunt fast, agile prey. Its long, silky coat provided protection from the cold, high-altitude weather, and its lean, agile body was built for speed and endurance. These dogs had to be independent and resourceful to survive, which is reflected in the breed’s personality even today.

Physical Features and Adaptations

The Afghan Hound is a distinctive breed, characterized by its regal appearance and unique physical adaptations that make it well-suited to its original environment in the rugged, mountainous regions of Afghanistan.

Size and Build: Afghan Hounds are large dogs, with males standing 27 to 29 inches tall at the shoulder and females slightly smaller at 25 to 27 inches. They typically weigh between 50 to 60 pounds. Their bodies are long and slender, built for speed and agility, a necessity for chasing down swift prey in rough terrains.

Coat and Colors: The Afghan Hound’s coat is one of its most distinctive features. It’s long, thick, and silky, providing protection from the harsh Afghan climate. It can come in all colors, including black, red, cream, and combinations thereof. Some Afghan Hounds also have a facial hair pattern called a “mandarin” or “mane”, which provides additional warmth and protection.

Head and Face: The breed has a refined, narrow head with a long, pointed muzzle. The dark eyes have an almond shape and convey an “oriental” expression of aloofness and dignity. The ears are long and set low, hanging close to the head, and are often covered with long silky hair.

Tail: The tail is another distinctive feature. It’s long, with a curl at the end, often described as a “ring tail.” The tail is usually carried high, especially when the dog is in motion, and is also covered with a long, silky plume of hair.

Feet: The Afghan Hound’s large, well-cushioned feet are designed for the rugged terrain of its homeland. They provide a good grip and act as shock absorbers when running at high speeds.

Hipbones: The breed is known for its prominent hipbones, which give it a unique, bounding gait. This gait allows it to cover uneven ground quickly and efficiently.

Personality and Temperament

1. Independence

The Afghan Hound’s independent streak is a trait that has been ingrained in the breed for centuries. These dogs were bred to make decisions on their own while hunting in the rugged terrains of Afghanistan. Consequently, they are known to be a little stubborn and might not always respond immediately to commands. This doesn’t mean they can’t be trained; it simply means their training might require a little more patience and creativity.

2. Affection

Despite their independent nature, Afghan Hounds can be very affectionate with their families. From forming strong bonds with their human companions to being good with children, these dogs are not really a big fan of strangers. 

3. Playfulness

Afghan Hounds are known to have a playful, almost clownish side. They can be full of energy and love to run. Regular exercise is crucial for this breed to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Their speed and agility make them excellent competitors in dog sports such as lure coursing and agility.

4. Quietness

Unlike some other breeds, Afghan Hounds are not known to be big barkers. They tend to be quiet dogs, which can make them suitable for apartment living, provided they get enough exercise.

5. Sensitivity

Afghan Hounds are often sensitive to their surroundings and can be affected by tension or conflict in their home environment. They thrive in peaceful, harmonious households.

6. Hunting Instincts

Remember, Afghan Hounds are sight hounds, bred to spot and chase down prey. This means they might be prone to chasing small animals and might not be suitable for homes with small pets like rabbits or cats, unless raised together from a young age.

Living Needs: How to Care for an Afghan Hound

Afghan Hounds are adaptable dogs, but they do have some specific living needs that should be met to ensure their health and happiness.

Here are some key factors to consider when providing for an Afghan Hound:

1. Space

While Afghan Hounds can adapt to living in apartments or smaller homes, they still need plenty of space to move around comfortably. A home with a securely fenced yard is ideal, as it provides them with an area to stretch their legs and play safely off-leash. Be sure to have a high fence, as their athleticism and agility can make them surprisingly good jumpers.

2. Exercise

These dogs have a strong need for exercise due to their hunting heritage. Daily walks or runs, combined with regular opportunities for off-leash play in a secure area, will help to keep your Afghan Hound physically and mentally stimulated. Afghan Hounds excel in dog sports like agility and lure coursing, which can provide an excellent outlet for their energy and athleticism.

3. Mental Stimulation

Afghan Hounds are intelligent dogs that enjoy problem-solving and engaging their minds. Provide them with interactive toys, puzzle feeders, and training sessions to keep them mentally challenged.

4. Socialization

It’s essential to socialize from a young age for Afghan Hounds to ensure they grow up to be well-rounded and confident adults. Giving exposure to a number of people, animals, and environments can help them develop a healthy temperament and prevent them from becoming overly shy or anxious.

5. Grooming

The long, silky coat of an Afghan Hound requires regular grooming to prevent matting and keep it in good condition. Brush your dog at least two to three times a week, and consider taking them to a professional groomer for trimming and bathing as needed.

6. Training

While they can be independent and sometimes stubborn, Afghan Hounds can still learn and respond to training. Being patient and consistent is key. Using positive reinforcement methods such as praise, treats, and play can encourage desired behaviors. Avoid harsh training techniques, as they can damage the bond between you and your dog.

7. Companionship

Although they have an independent nature, Afghan Hounds still require companionship and interaction with their human family members. They can become lonely and bored if left alone for long periods, which may lead to destructive behaviors or separation anxiety.

Nutritional Needs

The Afghan Hound, like all dogs, requires a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain its overall health and well-being.

However, there are some breed-specific considerations you should keep in mind when feeding your Afghan Hound.

1. High-Quality Diet

Afghan Hounds do best on a high-quality diet that provides all the essential nutrients they need. This can be achieved through a commercial dog food, home-cooked meals, or a combination of both. When selecting a commercial dog food, look for one that lists high-quality protein sources (e.g., chicken, turkey, beef, or fish) as the main ingredient and contains a balanced blend of fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.

2. Age and Activity Level

The nutritional needs of your Afghan Hound will change as they age and with their activity level. Puppies require a diet specifically formulated for their growth and development, while adult dogs need a maintenance diet. Senior dogs might require a diet tailored to their reduced activity levels and potential health issues. Be sure to adjust your dog’s food based on their age and activity level to ensure they receive the right balance of nutrients.

3. Portion Control

Afghan Hounds have lean bodies and can easily gain weight if overfed. It’s essential to feed them the right amount to maintain a healthy weight. Consult your veterinarian or follow the feeding guidelines on the dog food packaging to determine the appropriate portion size for your dog. 

4. Meal Frequency

Divide your dog’s daily food allowance into two or more meals to promote better digestion and prevent overeating. Puppies usually require more frequent feeding (3-4 times a day), while adult Afghan Hounds can be fed twice a day.

5. Monitor Weight and Health

Regularly monitor your Afghan Hound’s weight and overall health. If you notice any changes in weight, energy levels, or coat condition, consult your veterinarian to determine if a dietary adjustment is necessary.

6. Treats and Snacks

Treats can be a valuable training tool and a way to bond with your Afghan Hound. However, treats should be given in moderation, as excessive treats can lead to weight gain and nutritional imbalances. Opt for healthy, low-calorie treats, and remember to account for them in your dog’s daily calorie intake.

Common Health Problems

Afghan Hounds are usually a healthy breed, however, they can be prone to some health issues.

Some common health problems that may affect Afghan Hounds include:

1.Hip Dysplasia: In this genetic condition, the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and mobility issues over time. Regular check-ups and maintaining a healthy weight can help to manage this condition.

2. Hypothyroidism: In this condition, the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, which leads to symptoms such as lethargy, weight gain, and a poor coat. It can be managed with medication and regular monitoring by your veterinarian.

2. Cataracts: This clouding of the lens of the eye can affect vision and eventually lead to blindness. Some cases may require surgery to restore vision.

3. Allergies: Afghan Hounds can be prone to allergies, which can manifest as skin irritations, itching, and ear infections. Identifying the cause of the allergy and implementing an appropriate treatment plan can help manage this issue.

4. Cancer: Like all breeds, Afghan Hounds can be at risk for various types of cancer. Regular veterinary check-ups can help detect cancer early and improve treatment outcomes.

5. Heart Disease: Afghan Hounds can be prone to different types of heart disease, including dilated cardiomyopathy, a condition where the heart becomes enlarged and struggles to pump blood effectively. Early detection and treatment can help manage heart disease and improve your dog’s quality of life.

6. Bloat (Gastric Torsion): Bloat is a life-threatening condition that can affect deep-chested breeds like the Afghan Hound. It occurs when the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself, cutting off blood flow and requiring immediate emergency treatment. Feeding smaller meals more frequently and avoiding vigorous exercise around mealtime can help reduce the risk of bloat.

Reproduction and Lifespan

Reproduction in Afghan Hounds follows the same general patterns as other dog breeds, but there are some breed-specific aspects to consider.

1. Reproduction

Female Afghan Hounds typically go into heat, also known as estrus, twice a year. The cycle can be between two to four weeks, with ovulation usually occurring around the 10th to 12th day. The ideal breeding age for a female Afghan Hound is typically between 2 and 6 years, although this can vary.

Male Afghan Hounds, or studs, generally become fertile after six months of age and are capable of siring a litter from this age onwards, although it is not recommended to breed them until they are fully mature, usually around 2 years of age.

The gestation period for Afghan Hounds, like all dogs, is approximately 63 days. Litter sizes can vary widely, but the average is between six and eight puppies. Puppies are born blind and helpless and will begin to open their eyes after about 10 to 14 days.

2. Lifespan

Afghan Hounds typically live between 12 to 14 years, although some have been known to live longer with proper care.

Like all breeds, Afghan Hounds are susceptible to certain health conditions, some of which are genetic. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, plenty of exercise, and a loving home can contribute to a longer, healthier life for your Afghan Hound.

Should I get an Afghan Hound?

Here is a pros and cons table to help you consider if an Afghan Hound might be the right breed for you:

BeautifulHigh grooming needs
ActiveHigh exercise needs
AdaptableNeed space
Generally healthyProne to specific health issues
Gentle temperamentTraining can be challenging
Long lifespanProne to separation anxiety

Where to Find an Afghan Hound

If you’re interested in welcoming an Afghan Hound into your family, there are several places where you can find this breed:

  • Breeders: Look for reputable breeders who specialize in Afghan Hounds. Always make sure to visit the breeder’s premises to ensure that the dogs are raised in a healthy, caring environment. The Afghan Hound Club of America maintains a breeder directory that can be a good starting point.
  • Rescue Groups and Shelters: Consider adopting an Afghan Hound from a breed-specific rescue group or a local animal shelter. The Afghan Hound Club of America also maintains a list of rescue contacts.
  • Dog Shows and Meetups: Dog shows and breed-specific meetups can be great places to meet Afghan Hounds and speak with owners and breeders about the breed.

5 Incredible Fun Facts About Afghan Hound

1. Ancient Heritage

The Afghan Hound is considered one of the oldest known dog breeds, with evidence of similar dogs dating back thousands of years, making them a living link to the past.

2. Graceful Athletes

Afghan Hounds are renowned for their incredible speed and agility. They can reach speeds of up to 40 miles per hour (64 kilometers per hour), making them one of the fastest dog breeds.

3. Fashion Models

Afghan Hounds have been popular among fashion designers and have made appearances in numerous high-fashion photo shoots and runway shows. Their elegant and regal appearance perfectly complements the world of glamour.

4. Voice Command Mimicry

Afghan Hounds have an unusual ability to mimic human voices. While they don’t understand the meaning of words, they can sometimes imitate certain sounds and intonations, making for an entertaining and unique interaction.

5. Sight Hound Superstars

Afghan Hounds excel in lure coursing, a dog sport that simulates the chasing of prey. Their keen eyesight and impressive speed make them exceptional competitors, showcasing their natural hunting abilities in a controlled environment.

Afghan Hound FAQs

Q: Are Afghan Hounds good family pets?

A: Yes, Afghan Hounds can make good family pets. They’re known for their gentle and affectionate nature, and often make strong bonds with their human families. However, if you have very young children, this dog might not be a good choice for your family due to the dog’s size and the potential for accidental knocks or falls.

Q: Do Afghan Hounds get along with other pets?

A: Afghan Hounds have a strong prey drive due to their hunting background, so introducing them to small pets like rabbits or cats may be challenging. Early socialization and proper introductions from a young age can help improve their compatibility with other pets in the household.

Q: How much exercise do Afghan Hounds need?

A: Afghan Hounds have a moderate to high exercise requirement. They enjoy daily walks or runs, and they benefit from opportunities to stretch their legs and run freely in a secure, fenced area. Regular exercise is essential to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.

Q: Are Afghan Hounds easy to groom?

A: The Afghan Hound’s coat is long and requires regular grooming. It needs to be brushed several times a week to prevent matting and tangling. Bathing is also necessary to keep their coat clean and healthy. Some owners choose to trim or have professional grooming done to manage the coat’s length and prevent it from dragging on the ground.

Q: Are Afghan Hounds good watchdogs?

A: Afghan Hounds have a calm and gentle temperament, which does not make them natural watchdogs. While they may alert you to something unusual with their bark, they are generally not aggressive or overly protective.

Q: Are Afghan Hounds difficult to train?

A: Afghan Hounds can be independent and have a stubborn streak, which can make training a challenge. They respond best to positive reinforcement methods, such as rewards, praise, and consistency. Patient and consistent training sessions, starting from a young age, can help overcome their independent nature and achieve good obedience.