13 Best Rat Foods and Treats

Rats require a high-quality diet just like any other domesticated animal out there.

In fact, giving your rats high-quality, tasty food will also help in developing trust between the owner and the little critter.

If this is your first time owning rats, it may be difficult for you to decide on a diet all by yourself from the get-go.

After all, rats have a particular taste in food and specific nutritional requirements according to their breed, gender, etc.

This is where we step in.

We have for you some of the best foods and treats that will keep your rat healthy and happy.

The Top 7 Rat Foods and Treats

Product NameWeightShape
 
Oxbow Animal Health Essentials Regal Adult Rat Food
20 poundsPellets
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SupremePetFoods Science Selective Rat
4 poundsPellets
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Oxbow Essentials Mouse and Young Rat Natural Pet Food Pellets
2.5 poundsPellets
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Kaytee Supreme Treats for Mouse and Pet Rats
20 poundsMixed seeds and grains
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Kaytee Fiesta Mouse and Rat Food
4.5 poundsMixed Variety
Check Price
F.M. Brown’sTropical Carnival Fruit & Nut Small Animal Treat
8 ouncesDried Bits
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Mazuri Rat & Mouse Food
2 poundsBlocks
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Along with rat food and treats, your rat requires a sufficient amount of water in its diet. It’s always recommended to buy a proper rat water bottle for your furball. You can check out our rundown on the best rat water bottles in the market for some inspiration.

1. Oxbow Animal Health Essentials Regal Adult Rat Food

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Oxbow Animal Health
  • Weight: 20 lb bag
  • Consists of: Brown Rice, Oats, and wheat
  • Shape: Pellets
  • Low-fat, Low-calorie food
  • For adult Rats

The oxbow rat food comes in pellet form, which is evidently better for rats than the mixed variety of foods.

This is because:

If you start off feeding your rats the mixed variety, there will be a greater chance of them becoming picky eaters.

This is because they will eat what they like and leave what they don’t like.

With pellet and block type foods, however, rats have no choice but to eat what is given to them.

Each block will contain all the nutrients available in the package.

Hence, it is a much more nutritionally balanced diet.

Pellet type of food is also great for dental wear in rats, which is very important.

One thing we absolutely love about this food is that it does not contain corn and other harmful filler pieces.

With this diet, the rats have a lesser chance of becoming obese or developing tumors.

Even so, it is best if you supplement this food with fresh fruits and vegetables so that your rats get the best possible diet.

This is a 20-pound bag of rat food so it will naturally last you a long time.

We are happy to say that nutritionally speaking, this food checks all the boxes.

However, it is best if you use this bag if you have several mice since keeping the food fresh for a long time can be a challenge.

This food does come in a resealable bag so they have eliminated that problem to quite an extent.

But, personally, we found the resealable zipper to be quite shabby so you will have to find different means of keeping the food fresh.

Overall, this food is a little bit on the expensive side, but it is excellent value for money.

 Things I really like
  • It has great nutritional Value
  • It lasts for a long time
  • It offers good value per pound
 Things I don’t like
  • The resealable zipper is unreliable
  • Expensive

2. SupremePetFoods Science Selective Rat

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: SupremePetFoods
  • Weight: 4 lb
  • Shape: Pellets
  • No added sugars
  • Good for the digestive system and a healthy heart
  • Helps in trimming teeth

This is another pellet type food for rats.

It consists mainly of fruits and vegetables, so it is great for your rat’s health.

It prevents the rat from becoming obese.

One thing we love about this food is that it consists of added vitamins as well.

The vitamins will further help in developing the little critter’s body.

Naturally, this rat food is very nutritious.

It has simple ingredients, so we know exactly what we are putting in their body.

As far as we have noticed, the taste of these pellets is suitable for most rats.

One thing you need to note, though:

This food contains a considerable amount of soy.

That makes it excellent for female rats but not so much as a regular diet for male rats.

So keep that in mind when you are planning to add this to their diet.

This food is also excellent for the rat’s digestion since we did not notice any peculiar smells or a disturbance in their digestion cycles.

This bag will last you a decent while if you have one or two rats.

However, we suggest you get a bigger bag for several rats.

Overall, this rat food is expensive and not great value per pound.

 Things I really like
  • This bag is highly nutritious
  • It contains vitamins as well
  • Helps rats with digestion
 Things I don’t like
  • This rat food is expensive and not great value for money
  • This rat food is not great for male rats
  • It will not last for a long time

3. Oxbow Essentials Mouse and Young Rat Natural Pet Food Pellets

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Oxbow
  • Weight: 2.5 lb
  • Shape: pellets
  • No seeds, sugars, artificial colors, flavors, or preservatives added
  • Meets the needs of mice of all ages
  • Also consists of calcium and vitamins

This food also comes in the form of large pellets.

In fact, the pellets may be a little too large for some smaller animals.

This rat food is best used for younger rats.

It has the nutritional value that is perfect for baby rats, and the taste is to their liking as well.

Another great thing about this rat food is that it contains vitamins as well.

Keep in mind:

It has too much protein content for larger rats.

The good news is that most rats stop liking this food as they grow up.

We do like the shelf-life of this rat food.

It can last for quite a while depending on how many rats you are feeding, provided that you keep it in an airtight container.

Overall this rat food is quite expensive and not great value for money

 Things I really like
  • This food is perfect for young mice
  • It is highly nutritious
  • It has a good shelf life
 Things I don’t like
  • The pellets usually need to be broken down
  • It is not great for adult mice
  • It is quite expensive

4. Kaytee Supreme Treats for Mouse and Pet Rats

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Kaytee
  • Weight: 20 lb
  • Shape: seeds and grains
  • Contains natural grains and seeds
  • Does not contain artificial flavors or colors
  • A diverse blend of food

This rat food comes as a mixture of different grains, seeds, and other foods.

The very first thing we noticed when we opened this package was that the food was very dusty.

Make sure you brush off the dust when you give it to your rats to avoid any possible health issues.

Another thing we noticed in this mix was that it contained corn.

Corn hinders the digestive process in mice and can make them susceptible to other health problems as well.

Corn is also responsible for making rats gain weight.

You can easily get rid of this problem.

To make sure your mice do not ingest more corn than they need to, you can easily pick it out of the mix.

Naturally, we eventually realized that this food is best given to the mice as a treat rather than a full-fledged nutritional supplement.

Some rats also have a tendency to eat around the things they don’t like and leave the rest be.

Of course, you could make this diet work perfectly well by supplementing it with fresh fruits and vegetables.

This food will last you a long time.

One problem we noticed was that this food is quite susceptible to worms and maggots.

This is why you should check it constantly and keep it in an airtight place.

Overall this rat food is not expensive and offers excellent value for money.

 Things I really like
  • It consists of a variety of foods
  • It is highly affordable and good value for money
 Things I don’t like
  • The food is quite dusty
  • It does not offer complete nutrition
  • It is susceptible to worms and maggots

5. Kaytee Fiesta Mouse and Rat Food

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Kaytee
  • Weight: 4.5 lb
  • Shape: Mixed variety
  • Promotes dental health
  • Consists of pre- and probiotics
  • Fruits and vegetables are added
  • Full of antioxidants for better health

This rat food comes as a mixed variety as well.

It has a lot of interesting bits.

Naturally, this is good news and bad news for the picky eaters.

The pickier mice will always find something that they enjoy out of all the little pieces.

However, they may not eat anything other than those pieces.

Thankfully though, there is hardly any filler content in this food, like alfalfa.

Even so, it still has corn and peanuts, both of which are not ideal for an average rat.

This is because:

Bits like corn and peanuts can make the rat gain unnecessary weight.

These bits can also make the rat susceptible to different diseases and health issues.

Overall, this rat food offers good nutritional value.

It will also last you for a decent while.

This rat food is quite affordable, and overall, it offers excellent value for money.

 Things I really like
  • This rat food is highly nutritious
  • It is highly affordable and good value for money
 Things I don’t like
  • It contains bits like corn and peanuts that are not good for rats
  • It can cause rats to gain weight as well

6. F.M. Brown’sTropical Carnival Fruit & Nut Small Animal Treat

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Tropical Carnival
  • Weight: 8 oz
  • Shape: Dried bits
  • Very nutritious contains vitamins as well
  • Contains mostly dried fruits and nuts

This rat food also comes in the form of dried bits.

We noticed that most of the bits are quite generously sized.

Even though that is good for larger rats and their dental wear, it is not ideal for smaller mice.

This is because the bits can be quite a choking hazard for the little ones.

We decided to treat this rat food as a sort of gourmet treat for the mice.

The problem with picky eaters still remains

Many picky mice only go for the bits they enjoy and leave the rest.

However:

The taste is suitable for most mice and they will eat as much as you give them at one time.

Of course, this means that one bag does not last long at all.

Since the bags don’t come in larger varieties, it is recommended that you keep more than one at home at one time!

We were disappointed to see that even this blend has quite a bit of corn.

Even so, this rat food is highly nutritious.

We still recommend that you supplement their diet with fresh fruits and vegetables nevertheless.

Overall this rat food is quite expensive and not great value per pound.

 Things I really like
  • It is essentially a gourmet treat for your mice
  • It is highly nutritious
 Things I don’t like
  • Contains quite a lot of corn
  • Can be a choking hazard with small mice
  • It is quite expensive

7. F.M Brown’s Tropical Carnival Gourmet Pet Mouse and Rat Food

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Tropical Carnival
  • Weight: 2 lb
  • Shape: Dry mix
  • Specially formulated to be vitamin fortified
  • Great for the digestive system and immune system
  • Contains a wide variety of delicacies including fruits, veggies, and even grains

This rat food is also a dry mix of sorts.

Unfortunately even this pack has a little bit of corn which you can always pick out

Naturally, this means that this food has the tendency to make your far obese as well.

In fact, we decided to treat this rat food as a high-quality gourmet treat instead of a meal.

Of course, this means:

There is a high chance of picky eaters going only for the foods they like and leaving the rest.

Even so, the taste of the bits is suitable for most of the rats and there is a chance that they will enjoy all of it.

You can either sprinkle this on top of pelleted food or you can supplement this food with fresh foods and veggies.

This food is quite nutritious nevertheless.

We can safely say that it did not disturb the rat’s digestive process or impede its energy so it is quite healthy.

The pack does have quite a bit of food in it so it will probably last you for a decent amount of time.

Overall, this rat food is on the pricey side.

It is still good value for money though.

 Things I really like
  • This rat food is highly nutritious
  • It will keep rats healthy
  • Most rats love this food
 Things I don’t like
  • It is quite fatty
  • It is quite expensive

8. Mazuri Rat Food

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Mazuri
  • Weight: 2 lb
  • Shape: Blocks
  • Consists of Vitamin C and Yucca schidigera extract
  • Provides complete nutrition

This rat food comes in the form of blocks.

Naturally, this means that rats can get all types of nutrition with each block

The problem of picky eating is also resolved with block-shaped foods for rats.

The blocks are fairly large so small mice might have trouble holding and eating it.

One thing we did notice straight upon opening the pack was that the blocks were very crumbly.

We also read up on the ingredients that this rat food also contains corn, which means that it could prove to be fatty in the long run.

That is not all:

It also has a large amount of protein so adult male rats should not be fed this food on a regular basis.

We noticed that this rat food probably does not taste very good either so picky eaters might avoid it.

In spite of all of these points, we do agree that this food is highly nutritious and very healthy for rats.

It is great for their digestion as we have not noticed any disturbances in the process or any peculiar smells coming from their cage.

Besides, most of the cage smells can be eliminated by buying a quality cage for your rat. Check out our top picks for rat cages.

We do still recommend that you supplement this diet with fresh fruits and veggies so that your rats can live their best lives.

If you are feeding only a few mice this rat food can last you for quite a while.

Overall this rat food is very affordable and it also offers good value for money.

 Things I really like
  • This rat food is highly nutritious
  • It lasts for a long time
  • It is very affordable and offers great value for money
 Things I don’t like
  • This rat food also contains corn
  • It has very high levels of protein
  • It is much crumblier than other rat foods

9. SupremePetFoods Tiny Friends Farm Reggie Rat & Mimi Mouse Food

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: SupremePetFoods
  • Weight: 2 lb
  • Shape: Pellets
  • Tasty and nutritious
  • No added sugars
  • Contains linseed for a shiny coat
  • Excellent for all breeds of mice

This rat food also comes as pellets of different foods combined.

One of the first things we noticed, however, was that this food also contained quite a lot of corn.

Naturally, this means that the food was more on the fatty side for most rats.

We did assume that the taste was to the liking of most rats since many of them finished it really fast.

This is quite a huge advantage because this rat food is highly nutritious and very healthy for the rats.

Unfortunately, though, it did contain some artificial coloring which we believe is unneeded in rat food as a whole.

We do recommend that you supplement this food with fresh fruits and veggies to give your little critters the perfect diet.

The pellets do promote dental wear in rats as well.

Regarding the bag:

We were not particularly fond of the fact that the bag was not resealable.

This rat food does last for quite a while.

Naturally, that means you need to find alternative methods of making it airtight.

For example, you can keep it in an airtight container or just chuck it in the freezer so that it does not lose its freshness.

Overall, this rat food is very affordable and offers decent value for money as well.

 Things I really like
  • Most mice find this food tasty
  • It is very nutritious
  • It is also quite affordable
 Things I don’t like
  • It consists of dry corn
  • It contains artificial colors
  • It does not come with an option to reseal the bag

10. Vitakraft Vita Smart Rat Mouse Gerbil Food

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Vitakraft
  • Weight: 2 lb
  • Shape: Mixed variety
  • Consists of Omega 3’s, antioxidants, probiotics, and complex minerals
  • Best for middle-aged and mature rats

This rat food also comes as a mixed variety of different bits.

Unfortunately, one of the more predominant bits was corn.

Other than having corn, we noticed that this rat food was also high in protein.

Naturally, this meant that we should not give it to adult rats every day.

In fact, you are better off using this rat food as more of a treat rather than a square meal.

Because of the different interesting bits, rats may develop picky behavior with it.

The rats that are already picky might eat around what they don’t like.

The good news is:

We believe the taste of this rat food is suitable for most rats and therefore pickiness is not a huge problem.

In spite of the other issues, this food is quite nutritious.

We still recommend that you supplement this food with fresh fruits and vegetables for your rat.

We noticed that it has a positive impact on the rat’s diet as well.

Another problem with this rat food is that it is susceptible to moths and other little insects.

However, if you make sure that the food remains airtight at all times, you can prevent this problem entirely.

Overall this rat food is very affordable and offers really good value of money.

 Things I really like
  • Highly nutritious
  • Taste good
  • Very affordable
 Things I don’t like
  • Consists of high amounts of corn
  • Contains high protein amount

11. Oxbow Garden Select Fortified Rat Food

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Oxbow
  • Weight: 2.5 lb
  • Shape: Blocks
  • Non-GMO formula
  • The complete, vet-recommended formula

This rat food comes in the form of lab blocks that ensure uniform nutrition for all rats.

We do not believe that this rat food comes as complete nutrition for rats.

This is because:

It contains less than the recommended dose of protein.

It is completely vegetarian so you might want to supplement the diet with some extra protein added.

This rat food also has quite a bit of corn which you cannot pick out because of the block form.

Basically, you should not rely on this food alone for your rat.

We do think that most rats find this food to be quite delicious as they eat it very readily.

We are not sure about how good it is for their digestion.

However, we can safely say that most rats do release a peculiar smell when they eat too much of this food so it probably isn’t the best for digestive health.

The blocks do ensure some dental wear in the rats though.

One pack of this food does have quite a few blocks so you can be sure that they will last you for a while.

Overall this rat food is quite expensive but it does offer very good value for money.

 Things I really like
  • Tastes good for most mice
  • It is a vegetarian diet
 Things I don’t like
  • Consists of corn
  • Makes the rats smell bad
  • Expensive

12. Kaytee Forti Diet Pro Health Small Animal Food

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Kaytee
  • Weight: 5 lbs
  • Shape: Pellet
  • Probiotics and prebiotics are included in this formula
  • Large pieces support dental activity
  • Nutritionally complete

This rat food comes in the form of pellets which ensures uniform nutrition in rats.

One of the first things we noticed when we opened up the bag was that the pellets were quite crumbly.

The problem:

The issue with crumbly pellets is that rats are not able to hold on to the crushed bits and gnaw on them so the crushed bits go to waste.

If you store this food with caution however, this problem can be avoided.

We did notice in the ingredients that these pellets did contain alfalfa and corn, both of which are not the best food supplements for rats.

They can be responsible for unnecessary weight gain and they may leave the rat susceptible to diseases as well.

We also noticed that this rat food contains quite a bit of protein so it may not be suitable for most adult rats.

These pellets are quite good for dental wear in rats, though.

Another problem we noticed was that even though this food is quite healthy, the taste may not be to the liking of many rats.

It is not nutritionally complete either so you would want to supplement with other fresh foods quite often.

This rat food is not very good for digestion in rats either.

This food does last for quite a while so you would want to keep it airtight to avoid losing freshness.

The bag is resealable though so that should not be too big a problem.

Overall this rat food is very affordable and it does offer good value for money.

 Things I really like
  • The large pieces in this rat food are good for dental wear
  • It is very affordable
 Things I don’t like
  • The pellets are very crumbly
  • It contains corn and alfalfa
  • It is not great for digestion

13. Envigo Teklad Global Rat Food Pellets

 Key Facts
  • Manufacturer: Nesom Distributing
  • Weight: 5 lbs
  • Shape: Pellets
  • 14% protein and 3.5% fat included
  • Nutritionally balanced
  • Vegetarian diet

This rat food also comes in the form of large blocks which ensures uniform nutrition and prevents picky eating as well.

The large blocks are quite good for dental wear as well.

One of the first things we noticed with this food was that the blocks were very crumbly.

This meant that a lot of the food might go to waste if it is not handled with care.

This food offers an entirely vegetarian diet for people.

Unfortunately, you will find some corn in this blend as well.

Another thing we noticed was that this food is not nutritionally whole.

This is because:

It contains low protein.

Which means it is alright for adult rats.

However, if you are planning to feed this to young mice than we suggest moving forward with heavy supplementation.

In fact, even adult mice should take this diet with a little bit of extra supplementation.

We are sure that this rat food tastes quite good for most rats.

It is also very healthy on the whole.

We do have a problem with the packaging since the bag is not resealable.

So you need to put it in an airtight container or store it in the freezer to preserve freshness.

This bag does last for quite a while for most rats.

Overall, this food is a little bit on the expensive side but it does offer very good value for money nevertheless.

 Things I really like
  • The large blocks are good for dental wear
  • Nutritionally excellent
 Things I don’t like
  • Pellets get crushed easily
  • Contains low protein so the rats need extra supplementation

How Important is it to Give Rats Proper Nutrition?

Did you know that a rat can live up to seven years if cared for properly?

Domesticated rats and mice are an absolute delight to have around the house.

They are small and easily manageable, unlike larger animals such as dogs and cats.

Even so, rats are much more fragile than large animals as well.

They can develop diseases and tumors easily if they aren’t cared for well enough.

They also easily die of starvation if you don’t feed them at least five times a day.

Bear in mind:

Rats are omnivores.

They need meat and vegetables to live a healthy and happy life.

In essence, they require all the food groups that man does.

So while fresh fruits and vegetables should always creep their way in your rat’s diet, you need to make sure you give them a healthy dose of protein as well.

Making homemade rat food is definitely a hassle though.

This is especially true if you have to do it on a daily basis.

So why not supplement with packaged diets?

Many of these brands know what a rat needs to live a healthy life.

Naturally, they include all the necessary food groups in their packages as well.

In fact, some of these foods can help you identify your rat’s taste and what it likes or dislikes.

Since many rats are picky eaters and will eat around the food they dislike if they see the variety!

Also, keep in mind that certain foods that are used as fillers in rat foods can be harmful in the long run.

For example, corn is used as a filler in a lot of rat foods.

However, corn can make your rat gain weight and increase the chances of tumor development.

High protein diets are also not ideal for rats, even though they are perfect for mice.

Some bits in packaged diets can also obstruct the rat’s digestive process.

So supplementation with fresh fruits and vegetables in nearly always necessary.

Keeping in mind all of this, let us now talk about thirteen of the best rat foods and treats available in the market.

Rat food buying guide

Here are the factors that you need to consider before buying a rat food for your little furball

1. Affordability

When buying the best food for your rat, you need to first look at whether you can afford it or not.

There are a large number of options ranging from very cheap to gourmet and expensive.

Go for the kind of food that offers good value per pound without being too cheap.

Of course, it is best to read reviews to know which food fits these criteria best.

As for the expensive gourmet food, you can always give it as an extra treat or feed it to the little one sometimes.

2. Size

There is also a wide range of bags that the food can come in.

It could range anywhere from a couple of ounces to 20 or even 40 pounds.

Now:

If you are buying a treat, you should go for bags that weigh a couple of ounces or no more than two pounds.

If you have one rat or very few rats to feed, you should go for relatively smaller bags.

Buy in bulk only when you have many rats to feed since you can risk losing out on the freshness of the food.

3. Shape

Rat food can come in pellet or block form, or it can come as a mixed variety of seeds, grains, etc.

Pelleted food offers uniform nutrition since all the ingredients are combined into one block.

Bits of food can be picked out.

Pelleted food is better as a whole meal while bits of food is better as treats.

The bits can also be picked out by the rats if they are picky eaters.

4. Ingredients

Make sure that the food you are buying has all the right ingredients.

Filler food like corn, alfalfa, peanuts, and even yucca is not ideal for rats.

The problem being:

These foods can make the rat obese, obstruct its digestion, and make it susceptible to diseases.

However, this food is found in many varieties.

It is best to get food from which you can pick these bits out or those in which these exist in a low quantity.

What You Should Know About Your Rat’s Eating Habits

If you are a new rat owner, there is a lot you need to know about a rat’s eating habits.

  • Many rats are picky eaters and if you feed them delicious treats only they will never develop a taste for healthier food.
  • If your little critter is free to run around the house make sure the food is well hidden from it since it can chew through the bag and ruin its freshness.
  • Rats are omnivores and need to be fed from all the food groups.
  • You should never rely on packaged diets alone for your rat, you should always supplement its food with fresh ingredients from the house.
  • Rats prefer fresh food over stale food so make sure you keep its food airtight so that it does not go bad.
  • If you find that your rat is not eating its new diet readily, it is possibly because it is testing it.
    So naturally:
    You need to give it some time to see if it works for its health, and if it does it will begin eating readily eventually.
  • Try to bring a change in your rat’s diet as often as you can.
    Rats need variety in their food and if you feed them the same thing for a long time, they will get bored.
  • Remember that rats have unique personalities and what works for one rat may not necessarily work for another.
    You need to try a variety of items before sticking to a few the little critter actually enjoys.

Related Questions

What Kind of Food is Best for Your Rat? All rats are different and you need to try out a variety of different diets to see what your rat likes and what is good for it.

The best diet for your rat is one that makes it healthy and at the same time is tasty as well.

What to do if Your Rat is Not Eating a Full Meal? Your rat may not be eating his meal readily and entirely if you have introduced something new to its diet.

You need to let it be for a few days so it can decide whether the food tastes good and is good for its health too before it readily consumes it.

If that is not the case, your rat may be bored of something it has been eating for a long time.

If you notice lethargy or other concerning symptoms in your rat as well, take it to a vet immediately.

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