The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the most popular dog breeds for companionship. Everyone loves the Yorkie for its size, grace, big personality, and devotion to its owner. Yorkies are so devoted that they suffer separation anxiety every time owners leave home.
The Yorkie breed is further divided into types based on their fur, and one of the most recently recognized types is the Parti Yorkie. This article has all the information you need to know about Yorkies and their types. And if you want to know the difference between a regular Yorkie and Parti Yorkie, you’ve come to the right place.
Whether you’re looking to get Parti Yorkie puppies or are weighing your options, it’s always helpful to learn how to distinguish these dog breeds.
So what exactly are “Parti” Yorkshire terriers, and how do they differ from regular Yorkies? Let’s find out.
Main Differences Between Regular Yorkies and Parti Yorkies
Parti Yorkshire Terriers are identical to regular Yorkshire Terriers, except for these differences:
Parti Yorkies are more expensive than their regular counterparts. Breeders are passionate about the Parti Yorkie breed. They put effort into finding the ideal combination of parents and prioritize the dogs’ health and welfare ahead of profit. They select parent Yorkies considering genetics, temperaments, and health tests.
Some Parti Yorkies have parents who have excelled in agility competitions. They are strong contenders and are the most expensive. You won’t find these dogs being advertised and can cost as much as $10,000
Also, a Parti Yorkie registered with the AKC is more expensive. The AKC only registers purebred dogs and issues a document highlighting the siblings, parents, and ancestors.
Regular Yorkies come in a combination of two different colors. They can be blue and tan, black and tan, or black and bluish-silver. Parti Yorkies come with either combination but also with an additional third color. This third color is usually dark brown/tan or white.
The most common Parti coloration is white, black, and tan. The depth of coloration varies greatly from one individual to another. It’s possible to have a Parti Yorkie but have its third color hidden, muted, or negligible, making it look like a regular Yorkie. It’s also possible to find Parti Yorkies featuring one solid color, such as a pure chocolate Yorkie or a blonde one. Solid-colored Yorkies are very rare.
Keep reading to learn about the differences in background, personality, size, and health.
Regular Yorkshire Terrier Background
The origin of the regular Yorkshire Terrier isn’t exactly clear. Their name suggests that they originated in Yorkshire, England. Yorkies started as an amalgamation of different breeds brought together by accident. During the 1800s, Scottish workers traveling to Yorkshire for work brought a variety of terriers with them as companion dogs.
The regular Yorkshire Terrier’s ancestors were originally bred by Scottish migrants, local mill owners, and farmhands. The owners used these Yorkies to catch rats on the lands they worked on. The resulting dogs were also good at chasing foxes and badgers into their burrows and flushing them out. However, these terrier breeds were different from the Yorkie we know today. They were mostly a mix of numerous other existing Terrier breeds.
There was no special effort to create a breed that would resemble a regular Yorkie during this time. However, many breeders noticed some good traits on-farm Terriers and eventually made the conscious effort to produce a breed with distinctly long, silky hair. And the ancestors of the regular Yorkie soon surfaced in the first decades of the 1800s.
Regular Yorkies trace their lineage to the Waterside Terrier, a Scottish breed popular for its long, beautiful, blue-gray coat. Some historians also think that breeders used the Paisley Terriers and the Maltese to produce this breed.
Regular Yorkshire Terriers are 8 to 9 inches at the shoulder and weigh no more than eight pounds. Yorkies are inconsistent in size, and it isn’t unusual for a single litter to contain one Yorkie weighing less than five pounds, one who weighs eight pounds, and one who grows to be 12 to 15 pounds.
Beware of breeders who have “teacup” Yorkshire Terriers. Dogs smaller than the average size are susceptible to genetic disorders and poor general health.
Personality and Temperament
Regular Yorkies are a combination of small size and adventurous spirit. The breed has a range of personalities. Some regular Yorkies are cuddly and shy, and others are mischievous and outgoing.
Regular Yorkies are wonderful companions, but be careful not to spoil them! Start training when they’re young to have much better control.
Like all dogs, regular Yorkies need early socialization and exposure to different people, sights, sounds, and experiences. Socialization helps ensure that your regular Yorkie will be a friendly, well-rounded dog.
Regular Yorkies are prone to certain health conditions. If you’re buying a puppy, find a good breeder with health clearances for both your puppy’s parents. Health clearances prove that a Yorkie has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition.
Here are some health conditions common in regular Yorkies:
This is a very common problem in small dogs. It occurs when the dog’s femur (thigh bone), patella (knee cap), and tibia (calf) aren’t properly aligned. This can cause an abnormal gait in the dog. This disease is present at birth, but the actual misalignment doesn’t always occur until much later. The rubbing caused by patellar luxation can also lead to degenerative joint diseases like arthritis. There are four levels of Patellar Luxation ranging from temporary joint issues to severe patella misalignment that cannot be realigned manually.
This disease gives the dog a bowlegged appearance. Severe levels of patellar luxation may require surgical repair.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
This is a degenerative eye disorder affecting regular Yorkie terriers. Blindness caused by PRA is a gradual process resulting from the loss of photoreceptors at the back of the eye. PRA is detectable several years before the dog shows any signs of early-onset blindness. Reputable breeders get their dogs’ eyes certified annually by a veterinary ophthalmologist.
Portosystemic shunt (PSS) refers to an abnormal blood flow between the liver and the body. That’s a big problem because the liver metabolizes nutrients, detoxifies the body, and eliminates drugs. Symptoms include:
- Neurobehavioral abnormalities.
- Lack of appetite.
- Low blood sugar.
- Intermittent gastrointestinal issues.
- Drug intolerance.
- Urinary tract problems.
- Stunted growth.
Corrective surgery is very helpful in long-term management, as is a special diet.
The Parti Yorkie Background
Although they enjoy plenty of recognition nowadays, the Parti Yorkie had a rough start. This type of Yorkie Terrier showed up as early as the regular Yorkie breed. Even during the 1800s, when the Yorkie breed was still being tweaked. Yorkies with blue and gold color variations were considered the most favorable look in the breed’s early days. Tri-colored Yorkies like the Parti Yorkie were seen as undesirable.
These particolored Yorkies were considered to be low-quality animals. Many breeders didn’t want their names sullied by these uniquely colored dogs. As a result, the puppies were either given away in secret or put down. At one point in history, the Parti Yorkies were in danger of disappearing entirely. But a surge in popularity years later helped this breed survive.
The practice of putting down Parti Yorkie pups was prevalent even in the late 1900s. Things changed in the 1980s when one breeder refused to put down the pups because of their different colors. Soon afterward, the practice of putting down Parti Yorkies became unpopular among Yorkie breeders. Finally, the American Kennel Club formally recognized the Parti coloration as a legitimate Yorkshire terrier variant by 2000.
Despite this, many purist breeders still view the Parti Yorkie as an impure Yorkie lineage. Some believe that pure Yorkie terriers shouldn’t have any white fur.
Personality and Temperament
If you’re looking for a smart, active small dog with a big personality, the Parti Yorkie can be the one for you. While small dogs with big personalities may be a handful for some, they can bring joy to any household.
First-time dog owners may find taking care of a smaller dog breed challenging, but it can be a very rewarding experience. The overall temperament of a Parti Yorkie is content, making it very manageable.
These dogs are affectionate and snippy when necessary, making for an entertaining time. Since they’re small, they fit perfectly onto your lap.
Parti Yorkies can bark excessively, and you can fix that by training them from an early age.
Physical Health Issues
Like other Yorkie types, Parti Yorkies are prone to some health complications.
Parti Yorkies sometimes suffer from Hypoglycemia when stressed. This condition arises from low blood sugar levels and is characterized by a wobbly gait, weakness, confusion, nausea, vomiting, and seizure-like episodes. This condition is preventable and can also be treated.
Other medical conditions your Parti Yorkie may develop are eye infections, gum, and tooth problems. These are very common, and a trip to the vet and some medications can cure them. Before buying a Parti, ask for health clearances for conditions including Willebrand’s disease hip and elbow dysplasia.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is the Parti Yorkie a better family dog than a regular Yorkie?
The Parti Yorkie can make a wonderful family dog, but there is one caveat: if you have children living in the house, it might not be the best idea.
While Parti Yorkies are fun and playful, they are also very fragile. If you have a Parti Yorkie, you’ll have to make sure that everyone in the house can handle smaller dogs.
On the other hand, if your family has adults and older children, I’d tell you not to hesitate! Parti Yorkies can make amazing family pets in the right household.
What’s the life expectancy of a Parti Yorkie?
Parti Yorkies have a life expectancy between 12 and 15 years, much like the regular Yorkie. To grow healthier, they need a low-calorie, high-fiber dog food containing nutrients like proteins, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Experts recommend Nature’s Recipe Grain-Free Dog food for small dog breeds. It contains the right ingredients for your Parti Yorkie to maintain a healthy lifestyle. It is also free of fillers, ensuring your Yorkie does not take in unnecessary food that may lead to complications like obesity.